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World Health Organization renames 2 known lineages of monkeypox virus

The World Health Organization on Monday renamed the two known clades, or lineages, of the monkeypox virus.

Managing Director Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said bloodlines will be designated in the future using Roman numerals.

“The clade formerly known as the Congo Basin or Central African clade will now be called clade I, while the West African clade will be called clade II,” he said. said during a press conference.

The following lineages will be named using Roman numerals for the clade and lowercase letters will be used for the subclade.

The WHO is in talks to rename the virus itself due to concerns about stigma.

Monday’s decision comes as an outbreak of monkeypox is spreading around the world with more than 35,000 cases reported to the world health agency.

In the United States, there are more than 12,600 cases in 49 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The majority of cases in the current outbreak have been reported during intimate contact between men who have sex with men, a group that includes people who identify as gay, bisexual, transgender and non-binary.

However, the CDC has warned that anyone is at risk of monkeypox infection if they have skin-to-skin contact with a monkeypox patient or come into contact with the lesions of an infected person.

At least eight cases in children in six states and DC have been reported along with one case in a pregnant woman.

To avoid infection, the CDC recommends limiting the number of sexual partners, avoiding intimate sexual contact spaces with multiple partners, using condoms and gloves during sexual contact, and being fully clothed when having sex. events such as festivals and concerts.

Last week, researchers from Sorbonne University and Bichat-Claude Bernard University Hospital in France published a case report of a dog that developed monkeypox after being exposed to its owners, who have been diagnosed with the disease.

The CDC has since updated its website to indicate that dogs can be infected by humans. It is not known if other pets, such as cats, hamsters, gerbils and guinea pigs, can be infected.

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